Entries for the 'Source Water Protection' Category

27

NASA's new SMAP (Soil Moisture Active Passive) satellite will provide worldwide soil moisture readings every 2-3 days. This data will be invaluable to scientists, engineers, and local decision makers alike, improving flood prediction and drought monitoring.

12

As a small water system operator, the journey of supplying safe, clean water to consumers begins at the source. Source water protection is best approached through collaboration and can be enhanced with the use of voluntary conservation practices by local agricultural professionals. That’s why the Source Water Collaborative (SWC) developed a simple 6-step toolkit designed to facilitate collaboration between source water stakeholders (like you) and landowners through USDA’s agricultural conservation programs.

Step 1: Understand How Key USDA Conservation Programs Can Help Protect and Improve Sources of Drinking Water
In order to foster beneficial relationships for source water protection, it is important to understand what national, state, and local organizations can be of service to you. Two USDA sponsored organizations are highlighted in the toolkit: the Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS) and the Farm Service Agency (FSA). The NRCS exists to provide technical and financial assistance to both landowners and operators for the enactment of voluntary conservation practices. The FSA works to provide farm commodity, credit, conservation, disaster, loan, and price support programs. Having a working knowledge of specific programs, key contacts, and common vocabulary are vital first steps to take in your source water project.

Step 2: Define What Your Source Water Program Can Offer
Next you’ll need to understand NRCS and FSA programs and how they relate to specific information and regulations in your state. This can be done quickly by browsing by location for NRCS State Offices at nrcs.usda.gov and at fsa.usda.gov. It’s important to note that the staff of these organizations often times are the most aware of regulatory structure of environmental programs, so be sure to make it known that you wish to work collaboratively. You should then focus on identifying what specific areas or projects that collaboration with conservation practices could help protect. This is your opportunity to share valuable information such as source water data and GIS maps in order to identify potential water quality improvements.

Step 3: Take Action
Step 3 of the collaborative toolkit focuses on making concrete moves to begin an action plan. It’s suggested you start by contacting your Assistant State Conservationist for Programs as a beginning reference point. Be clear about your intentions to foster a partnership regarding source water concerns and NRCS programs that can be of assistance. Linked in the toolkit are initial talking points, draft agenda for first meeting, and key USDA documents to help you begin your first steps to action.

Step 4: Find Resources
This is where you do your homework. Step 4 lists several links of very useful conservation and source water resources. Resources include a list of NRCS conservation programs, state drinking water programs, watershed projects, maps of nutrient loading, and much more. These resources will ensure you develop your project with the correct programs and people.

Step 5: Coordinate with Other Partners
This crucial step enables you to make sure that you are partnered with the people that will give your project the highest probability of being successful. The links listed in this step are for key partners who can bring data, technical capabilities, useful state and local perspectives, and other important stakeholders. These links include EPA regional source water protection contacts, state source water program contacts, state clean water programs, and other federal agencies that can make your efforts more productive.

Step 6: Communicate Your Success & Stay Up-to-Date
Finally, share your source water protection experiences with SWC to allow improvement in the toolkit as well as influencing source water colleagues by promoting the toolkit.

Finding the right partners for voluntary, collaborative conservation practices is a progressive step for improved source water protection. By utilizing the resources and tips provided in the collaboration toolkit, you can put yourself in the best position to maximize your source water protection potential. Visit Source Water Collaborative for more information on any of your protection questions.

02

Fall has technically just arrived, but planning for winter should already be on the radar of small communities who experience freezing temperatures. While salt application broadly causes minimal environmental impact, runoff from a storage facility can be problematic.

The Ohio EPA has a detailed guidance as well as a factsheet on salt storage with water supply protection in mind. While this guidance is most helpful for communities developing new storage facilities, it is also incredibly useful for checking for potential issues and developing best practices for salt handling. 

If you have any additional tips, we'd love for you to share in a comment! 

30

Do you have a source water protection plan? Whether you do or it's a to-do, it is helpful to understand the how and why of protecting your water supply.

This video from USGS and accompanying materials uses four examples with very different aquifer-well combinations to illustrate why some water supply wells are more vulnerable to contaminants than others. It serves as a helpful reminder than source water protection activities are not one-size-fits-all. 

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